Arthur Miller’s The Price


Victor Talmadge, Nancy Carlin and Rolph Saxon; photo by Steve DiBartolomeo

By Philip Pearce

THERE SEEMS TO BE an Arthur Miller Renaissance going on. Mike Nichols’ 2012 production of Death of a Salesman had New Yorkers fighting for tickets to watch the late Philip Seymour Hoffman play Willy Loman. Next month, Ivo Van Hove’s sensationally successful London New Vic version of A View from the Bridge hits Broadway, loaded down with British awards and justly hailed (I was lucky enough to catch the recent simulcast at the Lighthouse in Pacific Grove) as one of the great stage productions of this century.

By comparison with those two early masterworks, The Price, written 21 years after Salesman, is sometimes dismissed as interesting but second-class Miller. Audiences of the ‘60s, geared to the brisk visual impact and quick-action plotting of television drama, probably found Miller’s carefully detailed family saga a tad square and ponderous. It’s good that Santa Cruz’s resourceful Jewel Theatre Company is offering us a fresh look. Laid out moment by moment with the detailed precision of a chess game, the play text as interpreted in this lucid new production explodes into an ironic second act climax as penetrating and powerful as anything Miller ever wrote.It’s called The Price because it’s about evaluation, assessment, appraisal. Of things and the people who collect them.

A policeman named Victor Franz and his rich surgeon brother Walter meet in a New York attic littered with the furniture, utensils, recreational and artistic memorabilia of their past lives. It’s all been sitting up there, collecting dust and cobwebs, since their father died sixteen years ago. Faced with an unexpected demolition order on the family brownstone, the two men suddenly need a quick appraisal, a fair price and an instant sale before the bulldozers arrive.

Entering the theater, you face a set that seems like nothing so much as the reckless overflow of an out-of-control junk shop. But then the houselights dim and Victor Franz comes into focus and begins to lift dust cloths, open doors, exploring bureau drawers on items that will figure powerfully in what happens in the next two hours. He’s waiting for an 89-year-old antiques dealer named Gregory Solomon to come and do an appraisal and set a price. The process of assessing all this family stuff (treasures? junk?) becomes the visible framework on which Miller mounts, then peels away, a pattern of pretense and moral compromise that has concealed some pathetic and terrible secrets about both brothers. Director Joy Carlin wisely does not hurry Victor’s studied exploration of his family’s flotsam and jetsam. The program lists four actors. But the set itself is going to become a fifth.

The brothers are nicely contrasted. Victor Talmadge, playing his policeman namesake, seems sensitively uncomfortable in his cop’s pistol and uniform. When Walter, the socially superior brother he’s hardly spoken to for 16 years, shows up in the person of the exemplary Rolph Saxon, the newcomer’s outward social ease conceals an underlying push, salesmanship and commitment to action that suggest Saxon ought to be playing the cop and Talmadge the rich surgeon. But that, of course, is just the point.
Their sibling rivalry has flared up because the reflective Victor, against the grain of his innate sensitive idealism, gave up promising academic studies to walk the beat and pay the bills of a father traumatized by the 1929 crash. By contrast, the less gifted but more ambitious Walter has cut himself off from family ties and ruthlessly pursued a profitable one-man career in upscale surgery.

That’s the situation. Bravo sacrificial Victor. Shame on selfish Walter. Or so it seems. As Victor’s shrewd, ambitious wife Esther keeps reminding us, you can’t always believe what you see.

Talmadge skillfully plays the conflict in Victor between a desire to appease and accommodate (“I don’t know how to bargain!”) and a stiff morality which weighs up every option so carefully that he usually ends up choosing nothing. As Walter, Saxon is both dynamic and touchingly vulnerable. Watch the way he pauses to listen and absorb what other characters say. And notice how his lines are never words memorized from a manuscript but eruptions of discovery or bursts of fresh understanding dredged up from inside a real person. It’s a fine performance.

As Victor’s long-suffering wife, Nancy Carlin is in every way a match for the two men. She ably projects Esther’s understandable annoyance with her husband’s stubborn adherence to a lackluster, low-paying job which they both hate and his high-minded hesitation about whether to let Walter give him all the earnings of Solomon’s assessment. But Carlin never allows Esther’s frustration to turn her into a tiresome nag. She understands that Miller has set up powerful emotional battles but never takes sides. For all her domestic struggles she remains believable and appealing, a woman whose greatest strength emerges in those moments when, whatever the odds, it’s clear she deeply loves her husband.

In the pivotal role of the appraiser Solomon, Arje Shaw is a physically winsome comic old fellow, blessed with an generous range of facial expressions. But his line delivery is so brisk and full of quirky Yiddish energy that some of the texture and wisdom of what Solomon has to say gets lost in the breakneck pace with which Shaw says it. The old antiques dealer is more than just a pleasing piece of comic relief. For all his wry cajoling, Solomon provides an anchor of folk wisdom and reality to a story stalked by pretense and self-delusion. This deeper dimension of the character is not always clear in Shaw’s sprightly comic portrayal. Fortunately his performance mellows. As the play progresses he finds some welcome areas of pathos and reflection. The final moments of the action, with Solomon alone on stage at first convulsed with laughter and then stirred by doubts as he listens to a scratchy phonograph record, are touching and effective.

Miller’s script is grounded in the solid, old-fashioned and admirable belief that dramatic tension isn’t a matter of a lot of busy stage activity but of having to assess and reassess, decide and maybe re-decide again who everybody really is. Those discoveries, as the story enters its final hour, have the explosive force of plot revelations in a well written thriller. There’s a startling and unsuspected truth about Victor, for instance, that is all the more shocking for having been evident in plain view all evening as a piece of Ken Dorsey’s jigsaw of a stage set.

What that piece is you’ll only know if you make your way to Center Stage in Santa Cruz for this fine production of a great play.

It’s a worthy opener of Jewel’s new season but their last production in the current venue at 1001 Center Street. The season continues November 12 with Guys and Dolls, in the new Colligan Theater now under construction at the Tannery Arts Center.

West Side Story

BBB WSSTaylor Iman Jones & Alex Rodriguez, center right, as Anita & Bernardo

By Scott MacClelland

2015 MARKS the 25th year since the death of Leonard Bernstein and the 58th since West Side Story opened on Broadway. The score has lost none of its brilliance, power and emotion, as a large audience confirmed Sunday afternoon in the Broadway by the Bay production at Monterey’s Golden State Theatre. (Broadway by the Bay is based in Redwood City.) Some of the spoken dialog by Stephen Sondheim is dated but when the music starts up again that is easily forgotten.

The Golden State was built as a movie palace and not designed for big shows, concerts and opera, even though it has been used for such. So far, those limitations have historically vexed producers who aim for the stars. Broadway by the Bay is now in its third year at the historic Monterey venue and, according to spokesperson Lori Lochtefeld, loves it, though she hinted to me that work planned for the theater next year may interrupt their popular musical productions.

An attempt to make the stage appear deep, which it is not, was a central vanishing-point sliver of the set design which otherwise was a construct of industrial scaffolding and girders. Most of the entrances and exits came and went through the wings. The orchestra of 18 musicians was tucked up high above and behind the proscenium of the right side of the stage (as seen from the audience) and was amplified—too much—through large loudspeaker arrays at the extreme right and left of the stage. Despite excellent playing, the amplification distorted the sound, a worse problem during the first act that improved in the second. This affected the amplified voices as well though it seemed the actor/singers, by their own sensitivity or the sound manager, made it work better and better.

But I have to say that as the new lovers, Tony and Maria, fell for each other, the Jets and the Sharks squared off, Anita and Bernardo made clear their own passions and eroticism, Bernstein’s score never failed to glow with sensuality and “jazzy, Latin American, symphonic, balletic by turns,” to quote the LA Philharmonic program notation for the concert suite. The combination of counterpoint and Latin dance rhythms together with the orchestration (which originally was the work of another hand) was irresistible. The melodies Bernstein concocted were no less successful or true in his instinctive capacity to make the characters, principals and supernumeraries alike, believable and sympathetic. Like Puccini in La bohème and Madama Butterfly, Bernstein goes beyond musician and into the realm of magician. And in this case, absolutely American in character. The mambo at the dance is so authentic that it is often excerpted as an encore (find Gustavo Dudamel’s YouTube of it with the Simón Bolívar Youth Orchestra). In the cameo pantomime of the first ballet, Tony and Maria dance a cha-cha. The song “Maria” is a tango, or more likely a Cuban habanera. As Riff instructs the Jets in “Cool” a fugue emerges, with snapping fingers, into the best jazz piece of the show. Breathtaking counterpoint between the gangs, Anita, Tony, then Tony joined by Maria, takes over the thrilling full-company “Tonight” quintet as prelude to the rumble itself.

Strongest vocally, as much as amplification revealed, were Samantha Cardenas as Maria and Taylor Iman Jones as Anita. Tony was sung by Brendan Quirk, Bernardo by Alex Rodriguez. (It must drive Latinos crazy to hear “Maria” sung by a gringo who can’t articulate the ‘d’ with the ‘r.’) Michael Birr was Action, Zachary Padlo was Riff. The large cast, 36 singer/dancers, were joined by four speaking-only roles. With the original dance and ballet, which included some fine additional choreography by Nicole Helfer, and the tear-jerking lyrical numbers, and Sean Kana’s orchestra, this was a full plate of Broadway entertainment.

You have two more chances to see it, this Saturday and Sunday.