By Don Adkins
Fortunately, for both orchestra and audience, Saturday’s Cabrillo Festival concert in Santa Cruz featured three works that all deserve repeated hearings. You would be hard-pressed to three orchestral pieces written within four years of each other that come from a wider range of compositional approaches and styles: Unstuck (2008) by Andrew Norman, Magnetar (2011) by Enrico Chapela and Symphony No. 10 (2012) by Philip Glass. Both Norman and Chapela were present and spoke for a few minutes before their piece was played. Conductor Brad Lubman, known internationally for his work with contemporary music, stood in for the injured-but-recovering Marin Alsop.
When Norman found himself stuck in the middle of a composition surrounded by fragments of ideas that would not come together, he took inspiration in Kurt Vonnegut’s “unstuck” novel Slaughterhouse-Five. Following Vonnegut’s example, the California composer took the same approach by not sticking to chronological progression. This attitude freed him to put the fragments together in a way that did not necessarily demonstrate a natural progression of ideas. His Unstuck also includes sections where the orchestra sounds like it is stuck until, like a successful Heimlich-maneuver, it burps up new directions.
The result is a piece with sections of tremendous energy that are never allowed to achieve a full gallop, interspersed with static sections that sometimes sound a bit like the music of Charles Ives. Norman is obviously comfortable writing for strings and utilizing various techniques to take full advantage of their expressive capabilities. The most significant recurrent structural element of the piece involves three cellos playing high-pitched, static chords at different significant points in the piece, including the ending. The cellos actually begin each of these sections with their bows “stuck” to the strings. Lubman conducted the details of the work but did not find too many opportunities to point out the larger structures. Unstuck was well-received by the audience and appeared to be appreciated by the orchestra as well.
Magnetar is a concerto for orchestra and electric cello. Chapela, apparently a rock-and-roll guitarist in his formative years, takes the basic concept of electromagnetism that makes electric guitars and cellos possible and expands it to the ultimate magnets that exist in the universe, neutron stars called magnetars. Chapela used information he was given by a couple of astrophysicists to describe magnetars from a composer’s point of view. Cello soloist Johannes Moser was brought into the creative process early on. Fortunately for the listener, Chapela did not let the technical aspects lead to another “science experiment” in sound. Instead, he utilizes popular elements from rock-and-roll, jazz, the Middle East and spacey-electronic-universe music to create a piece with something for every eclectic taste.
The electronic sounds produced by Moser were often imitated by the orchestra or used as a springboard for other musical effects. The result was a sense that the technology was being used for musical reasons. Moser’s live-performance mastery of both the cello and the complicated electronic rig resulted in a performance which was engaging without drawing attention to the technical effects. The one major problem with the performance was the balance between solo and orchestra; the cello often covered the orchestra in the loudest sections, especially when the strings were interacting with the soloist. Nevertheless, the piece turned out to be the hit of the evening.
The second half of the program saw the U.S. Premiere of Symphony No. 10 by Philip Glass. After the fireworks of the first half, this piece offered an oasis of calm. It was also entirely predictable if you know the music of Glass. This five-movement symphony demonstrated the familiar minimalistic style that was pioneered by Glass in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Glass has distanced himself from the term minimalism and now describes his music as containing repetitive structures. This approach is familiar to anyone who listens to music written in the last 50 years and is appreciated for its sometimes soothing, almost hypnotic effect upon the listener. Symphony No. 10 is like receiving the latest book from your favorite author who uses the same cast of characters.
A good sense of proportion distinguishes the symphony’s form. Other than the fourth movement, which seems a bit too long, the musical materials are fully exploited without becoming boring. Simple ostinatos are layered upon each other in complicated rhythmic structures that do not feel forced. Melodies often outline simple scale patterns and sometimes are used as simple directional gestures. Tonal shifts occur infrequently and are used to designate major sections. While dynamic contrast in this performance was lacking, conductor Lubman stole more time for interpretive input. If you like music by Glass, this symphony is a welcome addition to the orchestral repertoire. As evidenced by the applause given at the end, there were many audience members who liked the symphony and even more who appreciated the skill and musicianship of the Cabrillo Orchestra.
Above photo credit: Lawrence K. Ho. (The concert will be broadcast on KUSP 88.9 FM on August 20, 7pm)
Posted August 12, 2013